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History of Cyprus

Maybe small in size, but rich in history and tradition, Cyprus has met, throughout changing eras, tremendous changes, wars, rebellions and invasions, mostly due to its strategic position – as it is situated in the crossroad of three continents (Europe, Asia and Africa).

General Information / Geography

Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia (both in terms of area and population). It is also the world’s 80th largest by area and world’s 51st largest by population. It measures 240 kilometres (149 mi) long from end to end and 100 kilometres (62 mi) wide at its widest point, with Turkey 75 kilometres (47 mi) to the north. It lies between latitudes 34° and 36° N, and longitudes 32° and 35° E.

On the 1st of May 2004 the Republic of Cyprus became a full member of the European Union and on 1 January 2008 joined the euro-system and introduced the euro as its official currency, replacing the Cyprus pound as the unit of account.

Traveling around Cyprus

Self drive is the best way to travel around Cyprus. The road infrastructure is excellent. Cyprus is a relatively small island, so no matter where is your base, nowhere is too far from anywhere for a day’s outing. All you need is a map or a gps and enjoy the island of beauty.

Credit card loss

JCC Payment Systems, the main credit card transaction processing company, operates a 24 hour service for lost or stolen cards. More information at the web site

Emergency Service Telephone Numbers (English is spoken)

Ambulance 199 / 112
Police 199 / 112
Fire Service 199 / 112
All Emergencies (Pan-European) 112
Medical Assistance
Hospital Information Tel: 1400
RCC Rescue Coordination Centre (air/sea rescue) Tel: 1441
Drugs/Narcotics/Poison Emergency Tel: 1401
Drug (anti-abuse support) Tel: 1410 / 1498
Doctors On Call Tel: 90 90 1432
AIDS Advisory Centre Tel: 22 305 155
24-hour Pharmacies
Ammochostos Tel: 90 90 1413
Larnaca Tel: 90 90 1414
Limassol Tel: 90 90 1415
Nicosia Tel: 90 90 1412
Paphos Tel: 90 90 1416
Ammochostos General
Tel: 23 200 000
Tel: 23 200 200
Larnaca: Old General Tel: 24 304 312
Larnaca: Makareio Tel: 24 800 500
Limassol: Old General Tel: 25 305 333
Limassol: New General Tel: 25 801 100
Nicosia: New General Tel: 22 603 000
Nicosia: Makareio Tel: 22 405 000
Paphos General Tel: 26 803 100


Greek and Turkish language are the official languages. English is widely spoken. French, German and Russian are widely spoken within the tourism industry. Russian is spoken in almost all the companies offering professional corporate and financial consulting and fiduciary services.